Dr. Kiran Joshy, Dermatologist and Cosmetic Surgeon, Joshy’s Medical Centre, Bangalore, India has shared some tips on the management of a common skin problem, ‘acne’.
One of the most common skin problems that affects almost 90% of the global population at some point in their lives is a pimple. Its medical name is acne vulgaris. It is caused when the skin pores get clogged due to impurities, thus helping in bacterial growth. It has always been assumed to be a teenager issue as the root cause of acne is often attributed to hormonal changes. But, the fact is that there are several forms of acne affecting people of all ages. It can become a cause of distress and anxiety for some, especially if the breakouts are very severe. Acne often leads to scarring of the skin if it is left untreated.
Acne is categorised depending on their severity into mild, moderate, severe and very severe. Upon facial examination, your dermatologist will suggest the course of treatment that would be ideal for individual cases.
Mild acne vulgaris is marked with blackheads or whiteheads, on the face.
Moderate acne vulgaris is marked with papules, pustules, blackheads, whiteheads affecting the face, shoulder and back as well.
Severe and very severe acne spread extensively on the face shoulder and back with pus containing hard lumps, nodular or cystic in nature.
Thankfully there are satisfactory treatments available for acne with your dermatologist, a skin specialist.
For mild and moderate cases a dermatologist usually prescribes a topical antibiotic, i.e. antibiotics that are applied on the affected area. Severe cases are treated with oral antibiotics.
“ Depending on the severity of the acne, your doctors will prescribe you antibiotics. You should not take any medications just based on the info available online. An important tip in managing acne apart from cleansing face regularly, avoiding junk foods, is using a good sunscreen and practising personal hygiene. Wash your linen, pillow covers and bed sheets at least once a week; it helps to keep bacteria at bay,” recommends Dr Joshy.
As suggested by Dr.Joshy, one should practice personal hygiene, healthy eating habits to get rid of the acne. Most of the treatment takes around 4-8 weeks for the acne to clear up.