Dr. D. Ramamurthy, Ophthalmic Surgeon, Chairman, The Eye Foundation, Bangalore, India explains all about the cataract surgery.
When the lens of the eye loses its clarity and becomes opaque, it is known as the cataract. Usually, it arises due to the normal ageing phenomenon. The cloudiness of the eye lens leads to reduced visibility and disrupts routine activity. Often, both the eyes are affected by it. The cataract in one of the eye might progress faster than the other. Neither glasses nor contact lens is helpful in cataract. The only effective treatment is cataract surgery.
Cataract surgery involves replacing the opaque lens with an artificial lens called the intraocular lens (IOL). Nowadays, we have laser treatment as well.
“The surgery restores the patient’s vision to its best possible level. Cataract surgery is very safe and effective these days. It’s done on an outpatient basis. After the surgery, in a day or two, you will be able to carry out your daily activities without any hassles.”
What can you expect during the surgery?
A week before the surgery, your doctor will take several measurements to know the size and shape of your eye. The choice of the artificial lens will depend on the curvature of the cornea and length of the eye. The cost of the lens may vary depending on your need.
You may be asked not to eat solid food 6 hours before your surgery. You might also be asked not to take some of your daily medication. Your eye will be numbed before the operation by putting eye drops. The doctor will break the cloudy lens through tiny incisions in the eye. The broken natural lens is sucked out, and an artificial lens is placed in its place. The whole procedure takes ~ 30-60 minutes. Later, you will be allowed to go home after the operation.
Follow all the instructions and visit your doctor for follow-up check-ups.