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Is missed period a symptom of pregnancy?

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Dr. Apoorva Pallam Reddy, Gynaecologist at Mathrutva Fertility Centre, Bangalore, India advises on one of the common symptoms of pregnancy, missed or late periods.

Missing your menstrual cycle after unprotected sex is one of the first indicators that point towards a woman being pregnant. The menstrual cycle is considered late if there is a delay of more than five days from the expected date of periods

If your periods are delayed for more than a week, and you have been experiencing early signs of pregnancy, you should take a pregnancy test.  You can carry out a pregnancy test with the help of home pregnancy test kits that are available at medical stores. If the results are positive, you should consult a gynaecologist immediately.

“Every time you miss your period it becomes essential for you to test for an underlying pregnancy. Pregnancy might be one of the reasons for you to miss your period.”

Women with a history of irregular periods are often confused about their menstrual cycle. One of the methods of calculating the right time to test for pregnancy for women with irregular periods is to count till 4 weeks from the date you had sex or 36 days from the beginning of your last menstrual cycle. By this time, in a case of successful pregnancy, the hCG levels in the urine and blood are high enough to confirm pregnancy.

The early signs of pregnancy can include:

  • Nausea
  • Morning sickness
  • Vomiting
  • Fainting or dizziness episodes
  • Frequent urination
  • Heartburn or acidity
  • Belching
  • Light spotting
  • Tiredness, fatigue
  • Tender breasts
  • Bloating
  • Food aversions
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Mood swings

Consult your gynaecologist to get a proper diagnosis of your symptoms. Expecting women should start the prenatal care as soon as possible to ensure a healthy pregnancy and healthy baby.

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