Why are my periods late?

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Dr Beena Jeysingh, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Motherhood hospital, Bangalore India, speaks about some of the factors that may affect the regularity of your menstrual cycle.

A late or missed period need not always mean a pregnancy. Surely it is not welcomed for someone not planning a pregnancy. There can be a number of reasons for irregularity in your menstrual cycle.

Irregular cycles are considered normal when a girl starts menstruating or a woman enters menopause. But for someone fertile, an irregular cycle is abnormal that can be triggered by simple examination stress or weight gain.

Here is a list of factors that have been linked to irregular periods.

Thyroid problems: An overactive or underactive thyroid gland might be a reason behind late or missed periods.

Obesity or low body weight: Someone on the heavier side or someone on the leaner side, both are vulnerable to irregular periods. Eating disorders contribute to this issue.

Stress and tension: Unnecessary worry, tension and stress can wreak havoc with your periodic cycle.

Polycystic ovarian disease: A hormonal imbalance as seen with polycystic ovarian disease, causes irregular cycles.

Contraception: Birth control pills, injections and other birth control implants can stop you from ovulating and affect your periods.

Some of the other factors can be breastfeeding, premature ovarian failure, pelvic inflammatory disease and uterine fibroids.

” A hectic work life balance, stress and tension are enough to overthrow your menstrual sync. Sometimes the irregularity corrects itself on removing such factors, but often this may be a warning sign of some of the medical conditions. If you are sexually active and have irregular periods, get a pregnancy test done to exclude the chances of being pregnant. Consult a doctor, if your pregnancy tests are negative or you are not sexually active. Getting a proper diagnosis for further treatment of irregular periods is important, “ warns Dr Beena Jeysingh.

If you have been experiencing more than one missed or late periods lately, without known factors, it is advisable to consult your gynaecologist for medical evaluations and diagnosis.

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