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How does Ovulation process work? Know more!

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Dr. Apoorva Pallam Reddy, Gynaecologist at Mathrutva Fertility Centre, Bangalore, India explains the process of ovulation and some of the factors that can affect it.

Ovulation is the release of an egg from an ovary. It signifies the best time for a successful conception. The timing of the ovulation varies from women to women, but generally, occurs around the mid of their menstrual cycle.

“Women trying to conceive should avoid painkillers in their mid-cycle. Mild cramping and uneasiness are the signs of ovulation. Analgesics and painkillers can interfere with the normal ovulation.”

The fertile window of a woman is usually around 5-6 days before and including the day of ovulation. The lifespan of a mature egg is only 24 hours. It is vital to understand one’s ovulation cycle for planning a pregnancy or to avoid getting pregnant. Your menstrual cycle may vary depending on some of the physiological factors.

Some symptoms and signs of ovulation include:

  • Changes in the mucus are the tell-tale signs of ovulation. The mucus becomes clear, very thin, slippery and changes to thick and cloudy nature marking its end.
  • Changes in body temperature: About half a degree of body temperature rises around the time of ovulation. You must take the temperature readings every morning at the same time and tabulate it to understand your cycle. Two days before the temperature rise is usually the most fertile window.
  • Some of the other signs of ovulation are increased sex drive, abdominal cramping, tender breasts and mood swings.

There are ovulation prediction kits available as over-the-counter and are helpful in confirming the exact day of release of an egg from the ovary.   If you are unsure of your ovulation timetable, it is best to consult your gynaecologist.

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