The life expectancy for men at birth rose from 46 to 75 during the span of 1900 through 2007. In spite of advances in life expectancy, males are still at increased risk for certain conditions and diseases.
Once men are in the late 30s, they start worrying about various health risks. It could also be influenced by seeing their father, friends or brothers facing such health issues. Let’s examine the top health risks faced by men:
One of the topmost causes of death in men of all races are heart diseases, the other being cancer. Heart diseases occur in various forms, inclusive of high blood pressure and cholesterol levels. If these run in your family, then you are at a higher risk of getting them and need to visit your doctor. Your doctor will ask you come for regular checkups to monitor your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Based on your reports and risk factors including cholesterol, blood pressure, smoking habits, your doctor can recommend few tests.
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is said to occur when a man regularly faces difficulties in getting erections or maintaining it long enough during sex. ED is a very common, particularly in older men. It is projected that with the advancing age (40- 70), almost half of the men will suffer from ED.
ED can result from health issues that lead to lower blood circulation in the penis or weaken the nerves of the penis. Stress or emotional problems can also contribute to it. ED can be an indicator of an underlying health condition that requires treatment. Finding the cause of your ED and early treatment can improve your sexual and overall health status.
In case you father or brother suffer from prostate cancer or other problems of the prostate, then you must visit your doctor. A simple test for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood can help in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Higher levels of PSA can also point to benign prostate hypertrophy, other infections and inflammation of the prostate.
Lung cancer is a leading cause of death in men. Smoking has been attributed to be the cause of lung cancer in the majority of the cases. The nicotine present in tobacco makes smoking very addictive. Further, tobacco consumption in other forms can lead to cancers of the mouth, throat and the larynx (voice box) as well.
Prostate cancer is reported more in older men and rarely reported in young men. To diagnose prostate cancer, your doctor will order a PSA blood test and conduct a digital rectal examination.
Apart from prostate cancer, rectal and colon cancers are the next leading concerns. The diagnosis of colon and rectal cancers is usually done by routine examination of the stool for occult blood (can’t bee seen by the eye) and colonoscopy.
Almost 77.2 million people in India have pre-diabetes, the precursor to type 2 diabetes. As one grows older, the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes also increases.
Type 2 diabetes can lead to stroke, heart disease, kidney failure, loss of vision, etc. Adopting a healthy diet and increasing physical activity levels can help in bringing back your blood sugar to normal.
Leading a healthy lifestyle with healthy diet, regular exercising, and avoiding smoking are positive ways towards ensuring good health.
Visit your doctor at regular intervals can help in early diagnosis and prevention of disease-related complications.
Copyright © 2017 Modasta. All rights reserved
- Anjana RM, et al. Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance) in urban and rural India: phase I results of the Indian Council of Medical Research-India Diabetes (ICMR-INDIAB) study. Diabetologia 54.12 (2011): 3022-7.
- Muthunarayanan L, Ramraj B, Russel JK. Prevalence of prediabetes and its associated risk factors among rural adults in Tamil Nadu. Arch Med Health Sci 2015;3:178-84
- Men’s Health at CDC. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/features/menshealthatcdc/ Accessed 31 Sep. 2016.